Coming off of one of the worst fires seasons in the known history of the West, both managers and citizens are grappling with the complexity of how climate change may alter fire disturbance regimes. Is fire still a natural disturbance in these mountain forests? What relationship does fire have with other disturbances such as drought and bark beetle outbreaks? Explore the role of fire in mountain forest ecosystems, typical fire regimes, synergistic disturbances, and predicted changes with climate warming during this full-day class. Discuss the history of fire policy ranging from the “10 A.M. policy” to the “let burn policy,” including the caveat of the wildland-urban interface.